荷蘭攝影家萊涅克．迪克斯特拉（Rineke Dijkstra, 1959-）的攝影對象絕大部分是青少年，自1990年代起，她的系列攝影數度獲獎，也建立起她在國際藝壇上的名聲。今年暑假，紐約古根漢美術館舉辦的展覽「萊涅克．迪克斯特拉：回顧」，以大約八十件作品，呈現她於過去二十年來的攝影生涯。這是她於北美的首次大型美術館個展，因此具有相當的標誌性。
Hidden Inside Portraiture-- Rineke Dijkstra: A Retrospective at the Guggenheim Museum
Portraiture has been a major category in photography ever since the invention of modern photography. Over the years, photographers keep on looking for new breakthroughs in portraiture. How much inner emotion is contained in a portrait? How do photographers present their unique style through portraiture?
Based in the Netherlands, photographer Rineke Dijkstra (1959-) targets on adolescents. Her photography series has won her a number of awards since the 1990s and established her name internationally. “Rineke Dijkstra: A Retrospective” exhibited at the Guggenheim Museum this summer presented her career over the past twenty years through approximately eighty pieces of work. It was her first major museum solo exhibition in the North America. The significance thus cannot be overlooked.
Dijkstra attended the Rietveld Academie in Amsterdam from 1981 to 1986. After graduation, she worked commercially for a few years, which frustrated her. A bike accident happened in 1991 became a turning point in her career. Five months of rehabilitation, which involved exhausting swimming everyday, allowed her to rethink her career. One day in June, she took a self-portrait right after getting out of the pool. Her outside exhaustion as well as her emotional state was expressed through the portrait. Dijkstra found that when she was exhausted, she paid less attention to her pose, and thus the unconsciously natural pose shown in the photograph. The self-portrait was the starting point of her art career. Since then, she has been working on various series of portraiture.
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