10.31.2012

隱藏於肖像之內—紐約古根漢美術館展出「萊涅克.迪克斯特拉:回顧」


自從攝影發明以來,肖像攝影就一直是一項主要的類別。這麼多年來,攝影家也不斷地在肖像攝影上尋找新的突破。面對著人物的鏡頭,能夠表達出多深的情感?攝影家又如何在其中表現出個人的獨特性?
荷蘭攝影家萊涅克.迪克斯特拉(Rineke Dijkstra, 1959-)的攝影對象絕大部分是青少年,自1990年代起,她的系列攝影數度獲獎,也建立起她在國際藝壇上的名聲。今年暑假,紐約古根漢美術館舉辦的展覽「萊涅克.迪克斯特拉:回顧」,以大約八十件作品,呈現她於過去二十年來的攝影生涯。這是她於北美的首次大型美術館個展,因此具有相當的標誌性。
1981年至1986年,迪克斯特拉就讀阿姆斯特丹著名的瑞特菲爾德藝術學院,畢業後從事了一陣子與商業相關的攝影工作,但是這樣的攝影讓她感到很受挫。1991年的一場腳踏車車禍改變了她的生涯方向。五個月的復健時間,讓她有機會好好休息與思考。在復健的過程中,迪克斯特拉每天都得游泳,從游泳池出來時也總是疲憊不堪。一天,她在游泳之後立刻拍了一張自己的肖像,捕捉自己精疲力竭的樣貌。照片中的她戴著綠色泳帽、穿著綠色條紋泳衣,不僅外表的疲憊一覽無遺,心理上的不安似乎也呈現出來。迪克斯特拉認為,正是因為精疲力竭,所以並不會注意到自己的姿勢,因此拍攝下來的樣貌更是無意識的自然狀態。這件作品可謂迪克斯特拉藝術生涯的起點,自此,她便開始拍攝許多肖像系列。
                                                                               <全文刊登於台北藝術論壇電子報2012VOL.20展覽評論>

Hidden Inside Portraiture-- Rineke Dijkstra: A Retrospective at the Guggenheim Museum


Portraiture has been a major category in photography ever since the invention of modern photography. Over the years, photographers keep on looking for new breakthroughs in portraiture. How much inner emotion is contained in a portrait? How do photographers present their unique style through portraiture?
Based in the Netherlands, photographer Rineke Dijkstra (1959-) targets on adolescents. Her photography series has won her a number of awards since the 1990s and established her name internationally. “Rineke Dijkstra: A Retrospective” exhibited at the Guggenheim Museum this summer presented her career over the past twenty years through approximately eighty pieces of work. It was her first major museum solo exhibition in the North America. The significance thus cannot be overlooked.
Dijkstra attended the Rietveld Academie in Amsterdam from 1981 to 1986. After graduation, she worked commercially for a few years, which frustrated her. A bike accident happened in 1991 became a turning point in her career. Five months of rehabilitation, which involved exhausting swimming everyday, allowed her to rethink her career. One day in June, she took a self-portrait right after getting out of the pool. Her outside exhaustion as well as her emotional state was expressed through the portrait. Dijkstra found that when she was exhausted, she paid less attention to her pose, and thus the unconsciously natural pose shown in the photograph. The self-portrait was the starting point of her art career. Since then, she has been working on various series of portraiture.

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