10.16.2012

飛毯與實驗電影


「飛毯」展覽現場:右方播放瑪瑞柯•凡•沃爾梅登(Marijke van Warmerdam)的16mm實驗影片「穹空印記」(Skytypers)(1997)(Centre Pompidou, Musée national d’art moderne收藏),中央為漢斯•哈克(Hans Haacke)的裝置作品「藍色航行」(Blue Sail)(1965)(340,3 x 320 cm)(Museum für Gegenwartskunst, Siegen收藏)
二十世紀的藝術和織毯的關聯密切:現代繪畫中的野獸派(fauvism)和抽象藝術都從伊斯蘭織毯藝術中汲取靈感,著眼於毯子的平面感營造的視覺效果,以和諧的方式重覆、變異的圖案,或是其裝飾性。凡此種種,都是基於將毯子視為平面、抽象表面的前提。然而,由法國龐畢度中心(Centre Pompidou)實驗電影部門策展人菲利浦-亞藍.米修(Philippe-Alain Michaud)策劃的「飛毯」(Flying Carpets)展覽(地點:位於羅馬的梅迪奇莊園(Villa Medici)的法蘭西學院(Académie de France),展期2012.5.30~10.21)則基於不同的概念,將毯子視為動態的隱喻:透過毯子重覆的圖案、各式的構圖和質地,而在表面上營造出動態;由此,毯子既是影像的交織、也是形象的循環顯現。這種「毯子效應」(effet-tapis)在特定的實驗電影中具現出來,而「飛毯」展覽正是透過並置選自龐畢度中心館藏的實驗電影與當代藝術作品,和借自巴黎的布蘭堤美術館(Musée du Quai Branly)、里昂的織品博物館(Musée des Tissus de Lyon)等機構的織毯藏品,點出影片藝術和毯子(例如飛毯)的概念之間的相似。
                                                                                   <全文刊登於台北藝術論壇電子報2012VOL.20特別企劃>

From Flying Carpets to Experimental Cinema

The art of carpets has a great influence on the art of the 20th Century : the fauvism and abstract art were inspired by Islamic rug art and foregrounded the visual effects produced by the flatness of carpets, the harmonious repetitions and variations of their patterns or their decorative characteristic. Such concepts are based on the assumption that the carpet represents a flat and abstract surface. However, through the Flying Carpet exhibition (held in Académie de France - Villa Medici in Rome ; dates : May 30~ October 21, 2012),Philippe-Alain Michaud (curator of the Film Department of the Centre Pompidou) proposed a different conception : the carpet is regarded as a metaphor for movement. Through the repetitive patterns, various compositions and textures, the surface of carpet is animated and thus becomes interwoven images and cyclic representations of figures. Such ‘carpet effect(effet-tapis)’ is represented in certain experimental films and the Flying Carpetexhibition attempts to reveal the similarities between the art of film and the conception of carpets (such as flying carpets) through juxtapositions of experimental films and contemporary artworks from the collection of Centre Pompidou with carpets from the collections of Musée du Quai Branly, Musée des Tissus de Lyon, among others.
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