8.29.2012

拉丁美洲專輯(V) 拉美藝術,藉藏家之手推進世界


Columbian artist Enrique Grau Araujo, La Mulata Cartagenera, 1940. “CARIBBEAN: Crossroads of the World”
(Photo: Joanne W. Chen
 

據美國人口調查局(United States Census Bureau)2010年的人口統計(Census Data),西語裔(另稱拉美裔)(Hispanic, any race)佔美國總人口比例16.3%,拉美裔主要入境點與最大聚落為洛杉磯,佔洛杉磯總人口數之48.5%。有著「文化大熔爐」之稱的紐約,在自由女神火炬下敞開移民潮的大門,身為美國的貿易中心與全美人口最多的城市,目前總人口逼近820萬人,拉美裔即佔領了27.5%,據紐約大學拉美中心於2008年報告中顯示(City University of New York, Center for Latin American, Caribbean and Latino Studies)紐約市中拉美裔以48.4%高比例的聚落在布朗區(Bronx)。由於西語人口高速的增加,西語儼然成了美國第二大語系,而美國對拉美藝術的關注也與以上所述的人口組成與變化相關,紐約知名美術館如:古根漢、紐約現代美術館、大都會與新美術館等也都無法忽略這股熱情的拉美風潮,除了研究拉美藝術類別的增設,有的甚至成立基金專注購藏,每年組團進出拉美區域進行參訪與收購也已是常態;許多拉美藏家、企業家也紛紛在美國成立私人美術館與文化藝術基金會等,為傳遞拉美藝術與教育扎根。
                                                 
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台北藝術論壇電子報2012VOL.18特別企劃>

Latin American Issue(V)- Latin American Art: Promoted Globally by Collectors

According to the 2010 census data released by the United States Census Bureau, Hispanics (or Latinos of any race) constitute 16.3% of the total U.S. population. The main port of entry for Latinos is Los Angeles and it is also the biggest cluster, where they make up 48.5% of LA’s total population. In New York City, Lady Liberty welcomed waves of mass migrations to the Cultural Melting Pot. As the country’s center of trade as well as the most populated city, NYC has a population of almost 8.2 million with 27.5% being Latinos. Also, the Center for Latin American, Caribbean & Latino Studies at City University of New York reported in 2008 that a very high percentage (48.4%) of Latinos in NYC reside in Bronx. Because of the fact that the Spanish-speaking population has been growing fast, Spanish is now the second most used language in the U.S. The abovementioned demographic changes also affect how much attention is being paid by the U.S. to Latin American art. This is a hot trend of Latin American art that renowned art museums in NYC just could not overlook, for example the Guggenheim Museum, Museum of Modern Art, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New Museum, etc. In addition to initiating research on Latin American art, some museums even set up funds dedicated solely to acquiring artworks. It is also quite usual that some form delegations to the Latin American region for visits and acquisitions.Many collectors of Latin American, art as well as entrepreneurs, are establishing private museums and foundations of art and culture in the U.S. in hopes that they build a good foundation for promoting Latin American art and education.
                                                                                       
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